Extra labor is a generic term for fee-based auxiliary moving services that are beyond the limits of a normally contracted move. Examples of services that would be considered Extra labor include removing items from an attic, repacking customer cartons, moving existing furniture that is not part of the move. Extra labor is charged by the hour for each crew member involved in the service. For example, a customer has 20 old cartons with holiday items that are too dilapidated to survive the move. The Arpin of RI crew members must unpack the items from the new cartons in order to repack them into new cartons. The packing rates only cover the new carton packing process, so the crew would ask for permission of the customer to bill for 1 man for 2 hours of extra labor to empty the old cartons.